While the diagnosis of specific learning disorders (mathematics, reading and spelling), as well as behavior, language and attention disorders (ADHD) are increasingly detected in time and are intervened, in the case of the so-called dyspraxia , their diagnoses are not usually precocious or attended early and, even, they are often confused and wrongly labeled under other diagnoses. With the intention of making this disorder known and being able to derive early, from Guiainfantil.com We will try to answer the five most common questions that families and schools ask about infantile dyspraxia or movement organization disorder: characteristics, symptoms, types, ages, specialists, etc.
We already know that the earlier any diagnosis is and the earlier the pertinent therapy is started, the better the results can be. A late diagnosis of any type of childhood disorder can lead to low self-esteem and academic demotivation. That is why it is important to know what is childhood dyspraxia, observe our son and, before any sign of alarm, consult a professional.
Dyspraxia is described as a disorganization of movements, whether of oral movements (speech) or fine motor movements (hands) and gross (feet). Roughly, we could describe that children with dyspraxia tend to be unskillful in terms of their coordination and during the activities of their daily life, usually appearing lazy, clumsy and with little interest. Some of its clearest manifestations are poorly defined and intelligible speech, poor handwriting or manual skill, and difficulty in various physical activities.
On numerous occasions we will find both terms and it is important to differentiate them. It is true that both terms speak of the same movement difficulty and the same need for therapeutic work; but in the case of apraxia the difficulties would be acquired by an accident or trauma, losing skills that previously had, while in the case of dyspraxia these skills would always have cost from birth.
Each child may have a certain difficulty, so it is important to be able to know the different types of dyspraxia that exist.
- Ideomotor dyspraxia
As its name suggests, it would refer to a difficulty in the ability to go from a simple idea to a motor action. Being examples: picking up objects without them falling from the hands (pencil, backpack, balls, etc.) or correctly opening and closing objects (doors, books, notebooks, etc.).
- Ideational dyspraxia
It would refer to a difficulty in the ability to plan a more complex sequence of motor actions. Examples include: tying shoelaces, getting dressed, cooking, packing a backpack, making a bed, using instruments, etc.
- Oromotor or verbal dyspraxia
As its name suggests, it would refer to a difficulty in the ability to vocalize and express ideas orally. Being examples: sensation of little comprehensible speech, difficulty to communicate in group or public, etc.
- Constructive dyspraxia
It would refer to a difficulty to build and orient oneself in a space and time. Being examples: assembling a puzzle, interpreting maps or copying pictures.
In case of suspicion, it will be important to go to a multidisciplinary center, since this pathology requires evaluation of cognitive skills (whose specialists are psychologists or psychopedagogues), communication and speech skills (whose specialists are speech therapists) and motor skills (whose specialists are physiotherapists, psychomotorists or occupational therapists). Once the diagnosis is completed, the intervention will be planned around the difficulties identified.
Usually the majority of diagnoses take place between the ages of 5 and 11, making it easier to verify the developmental difficulties that may arise compared to those that would be expected by age.
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