The summer sweat, atopic dermatitis, irritations of the baby's folds, the diaper rash are some of the most common alterations that affect the delicate skin of the baby and the child.
The dermatologist Angela Hernandez Martin, a doctor at the Niño Jesús Hospital in Madrid, offers us in this interview, granted exclusively to our site, the best advice to protect the skin during childhood.
How can we protect babies from pimples that usually come out due to heat and high temperatures?
Sudamina is a relatively common condition in babies, caused by immaturity of the sweat glands in the first years of life. Parents tend to keep their children warm for fear of getting cold and, in most cases, this causes outbreaks of prickly pear, which also occur in situations where the increase in body temperature is temporarily higher than normal. normal as, for example, in fever. When children are in very hot environments they develop this prickly pear.
What is the treatment for prickly pear in babies?
Sudamina, many times, resolves itself, absolutely nothing has to be done. You have to remove the factors that cause heat and that's it. When the sweats are deeper or show greater inflammation, an astringent cream can be applied or, in the most extreme cases, always advised by a dermatologist or pediatrician, a topical corticosteroid can be applied.
Do allergies also manifest on the skin? How should we treat rashes and rashes that appear on the skin of children?
Although allergies appear to be the cause of most skin ailments, my experience tells me that a food allergy rarely manifests on a child's skin as a rash or rash, which is very itchy and persists for many days. It should be studied case by case, but the most common thing that a child usually has and that causes a lot of itching and a persistent rash is atopic dermatitis, which is undoubtedly the most common eczema during childhood.
Treatment and monitoring by the dermatologist or pediatrician is very important in these cases. It is very common to have to resort to the use of topical corticosteroids, which should not be afraid of, if they are supervised by a specialist doctor.
What is the most effective way to treat atopic dermatitis?
The treatment of atopic dermatitis is undoubtedly individualized. There are children with very little dermatitis who, practically only with hydration, we manage to keep them well, without disease. On the other hand, with other children we have to use other much more aggressive measures.
The topical corticosteroid is the standard of treatment, which we have used for a few years, and it is going very well. In other cases, topical treatment is far from sufficient and we have to resort to oral immunosuppressants that are, at least, capable of temporarily controlling children's dermatitis and dramatically improving both their quality of life and that of the adult who them. takes care.
Anxiety and stress are factors that can trigger an outbreak of atopic dermatitis in children. Can outbreaks be controlled?
It is true that the psychological factor, stress or certain emotional characteristics can influence the onset or flare-ups of atopic dermatitis.
Virtually all illnesses that one has can get worse under physical or mental stress. In some cases, there are studies that try to intervene on this psychological component of anxiety and stress, to see if the child can improve with relaxation techniques, massages and psychological help. Undoubtedly this can improve the child, but you also have to think that it is difficult not to get nervous or have anxiety when you have an atypical dermatitis that itches and bothers you a lot.
Sometimes, parents comment that the child does not attend in class, and I put myself in the child's place and I think that it is very difficult to attend with what is on his skin. That is why it is so important that we try to control atopic dermatitis as it should be, without fear.
Marisol New. Copywriter
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