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Mom, it stings me a lot. Cutaneous atopy on the baby's skin


How is your daughter? I asked a friend who told me that her little girl had a bad stomach. And he replied that his stomach was better, but that he had itching all over his body, that he wouldn't stop scratching and he was scabbing his skin when lifting it with the nails. In addition, her skin was very dry, although she applied cream daily.

Children's skin is very delicate and must be cared for in a special way, but in cases like this it is best to go to the pediatrician, who diagnosed with skin atopic dermatitis, a skin disorder that causes inflammation in the skin of children with sensitivity (atopy) that predisposes them to certain allergic diseases. It is also known as eczema and affects 5-8 percent of the child population.

Itching is a symptom present in almost all cases, in such a way that its absence almost rules out the diagnosis of atopic dermatitis. This itching usually increases when undressing, when lying down, with changes in temperature and when sweating. In addition, the skin of these children presents a constant state of dryness, due to the fact that the fatty layer of the skin performs its role badly, producing a loss of water, and an alteration of its "barrier function". As a result, the skin becomes dry and tends to become more easily irritated.

Atopic dermatitis can be manifested by localized red plaques, that seem to ooze liquid and that are later covered with brown or garnet crusts, or by areas of dry, thickened skin that shed scales, in which the skin folds are very marked. Its extension is highly variable and can affect any area.

Eighty-five percent of cases occur within the first 5 years, while another 60 percent begin in the first year of life (generally between 2 and 9 months).In children under 2 years of age, it usually appears on the face, abdomen, and outside of the extremities. and from 3 to 10 years it is usually located in the flexion folds (wrists, knees, elbows) and in the hands. Atopic dermatitis tends to appear intermittently in flare-ups or seasonally. By age 10, less than 10 percent of atopic children continue to have outbreaks. The lesions usually heal without scarring.

Atopy is a non-contagious disease produced by a genetic predisposition to react with exaggerated responses to environmental stimuli. It is usually hereditary, so it is common to find a member of the family with atopic diseases such as atopic dermatitis itself, asthma, conjunctivitis or allergic rhinitis. Outbreaks are related to seasonal changes, dust allergies, emotional stress or school problems, rubbing of clothing, sweating and, in some cases, food allergies.

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Video: Atopic Dermatitis: Improving Outcomes in Adult and Pediatric Patients (January 2022).