Something as common as having a name, a word that identifies the identity of each one, is contemplated as a right in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, whose anniversary we will celebrate on November 20. Parents spend the entire pregnancy thinking about what the name of our future baby will be, a magic word that will mark their life.
All names have a meaning, a meaning and a certain origin loaded with history. Until the 5th century, all people had a single name, but since their children could not inherit it and many people were called the same, the surname was put into practice.
The name that designated the surname had to do with the person's profession, the place where they lived or the father they had. Thus, for example, in Spain it is common for surnames to end in 'ez', such as Álvarez, Fernandez or González, which means son of Álvaro, Fernando or Gonzalo. Something similar happens in Denmark, where surnames often end in 'en' like Jensen, which means son of Jens.
With the migrations and displacements of people during the last centuries, family surnames have changed location and place of residence and now there are many people interested in finding their family origins who start from their surname to find their roots.
The system of naming people by name and surname has been perpetuated over time, allowing a legal existence in the face of society and the law for all babies who have been registered in the registry and are officially registered. In the registry, it is no longer necessary to mention the situation of the parents (married, single, divorced, separated or widowed) because in some countries, being considered 'illegitimate' can have legal and social repercussions for the child.
This allows us a recognition by the State and a nationality that allows us to access school, enjoy health services and request the enjoyment of all our rights. However, when children are not registered in the official register of their country of origin, they have no legal existence, that is, in the eyes of the law they do not exist.
Then they can be exposed to being illegally exploited, either by the obligation to work, prostitution or any other illegal activity that violates the rights of children.
For this reason, it is a right of the child, throughout the world, that children be registered, declared and named from their birth, because from that moment, the State and the laws of that nation, recognize it, know that it exists and is a participant in the set of rights recognized by the United Nations International Convention on the Rights of the Child.
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